The role of Gut Instinct and the Gut Microbiome (GM) in Psychotherapy ( Page 3 )

Potential role of psychobiotics in Rx

  • Brain Gut axis disorders with cognitive component e.g. irritable bowel syndrome or IBS
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Autism
  • Parkinson’s disease

Latest research: transferring the blues

Prof Dinan and colleagues investigated:

  • Gut microbiome in depressed patients
  • Short chain fatty acids
  • Gut permeability as mechanism acting on brain function
  • Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from depressed patients to rat model with depleted microbiome to look for depressive-like phenotype


  • FMT to GM naive rats induced the depressive phenotype
  • Immune system became activated
  • GIT function was altered
  • Depressed group had increased ACE before 17 and in 3 years prior to enrolment
  • Depression characterized by alterations in gut microbiome and GM may play a causal role

Ways to target the gut microbiome

  • Latest research in Gut mesentery from Prof Calvin Coffey University of Limerick
  • Contiguous structure
  • Techniques outlined in The Art of BART are backed up by new area of mesenteric science
  • Gut feelings are activated using buzzers while tuning into bilateral cerebellar stimulation

Nature of mesentery as a body organ

Gutbrain to brainstem connection

Autonomic Nervous System

Role of touch

  • Develops at 8 weeks gestation
  • Deprivation increases incidence of:
    • obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disease
    • anxiety
    • depression
    • psychosis
    • poor impulse control

Examples of touch linked to survival

  • Video developed by WHO to encourage development of breastfeeding and bonding
  • Kangaroo care in neonatal units for premature infants
  • Student nurse who initiated the twin rescue hug by following her own ‘Gut Instinct’
  • In Pre-eclampsia baby initiates its own birth as an instinctive survival reflex

Relationship between touch and intelligence

  • Aristotle viewed humans as superior to all other species in relation to touch
  • “and this is why he is the most intelligent of all animals”
  • Tact relates to touch (tactile from tangere to touch)
  • Thick skinned like a rhinoceroses

“……..those with tender skin are well equipped for thinking.”